How to use the Simple Future with Will and Be Going ToWill
1: We use the future simple with 'will' to predict the future. It is the basic way we talk about the future in English, and we often use it if there is no reason to use another future tense. We can use it for future facts and for things that are less certain.
- The sun will rise at 7am.
- I think the Conservatives will win the next election.
- I'll help you with your homework.
- Will you give me a hand?
- I won't go!
- A: I'm cold. B: I'll close the window.
- If it doesn't rain, we'll go to the park.
- Let's arrive early. That will give us time to relax.
'Shall' is used mainly in the forms 'shall I?' and 'shall we?' in British English. These forms are used when you want to get someone's opinion, especially for offers and suggestions.
- Shall I open the window? (= Do you want me to open the window?)
- Where shall we go tonight? (= What's your opinion?)
1: We often use 'be going to' to talk about our future intentions and plans. We have usually made our plans before the moment of speaking.
- A: We've run out of milk. B: I know, I'm going to buy some.
- Look at those boys playing football! They're going to break the window.
- The sky is getting darker and darker. It's going to rain.
Try some exercises about the future here.
If you want to learn more about the tenses, especially about how to use them when you're speaking, you could try my video course, Terrific Tenses, which is part of Perfect English Grammar Plus.