How to use the Simple Future with Will and Be Going To

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Read about how to make the future simple here.

Future Simple Infographic Will
1: We use the future simple with 'will' to predict the future. It is the basic way we talk about the future in English, and we often use it if there is no reason to use another future tense. We can use it for future facts and for things that are less certain. 2: Promises / requests / refusals / offers. This is sometimes called 'volitional' will. It's about wanting to do something or not wanting to do something in the future. In a similar way, we often use 'will' when we're talking about a decision at the moment of speaking. We are usually making an offer or promise or talking about something that we want to do. 3: We use the simple future with 'will' in the first conditional, and in other sentences that have a conditional feeling. Shall
'Shall' is used mainly in the forms 'shall I?' and 'shall we?' in British English. These forms are used when you want to get someone's opinion, especially for offers and suggestions. Be going to
1: We often use 'be going to' to talk about our future intentions and plans. We have usually made our plans before the moment of speaking. 2: We can also use 'be going to' to make a prediction about the future. Often it's possible to use both 'be going to' and 'will' but it's more common to use 'be going to' if we can see evidence in the present. Read more about the different ways of talking about the future here.
Try some exercises about the future here.

If you want to learn more about the tenses, especially about how to use them when you're speaking, you could try my video course, Terrific Tenses, which is part of Perfect English Grammar Plus.

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