Present Simple Spelling Changes

Some verbs have present simple spelling changes with 'he', 'she' or 'it':

Verbs that end in 'y':

Verbs that end in 'y' often change 'y' to 'ie' before 's':

(Be careful! 'y' doesn't change to 'ie' if the ending is 'ay', 'ey', 'oy', 'uy'. So, play becomes plays, say becomes says, buy becomes buys, enjoy becomes enjoys, stay becomes stays)

Verbs that end in 's', 'sh', 'ch', or 'x':

Verbs that end in 's', 'sh', 'ch' or 'x' often add 'e' before 's':

Click here to try an exercise about present simple spelling

If you want to learn more about the tenses, especially about how to use them when you're speaking, you could try my video course, Terrific Tenses, which is part of Perfect English Grammar Plus.

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'A' and 'The' Explained