Using the Past Continuous

(or past progressive tense)

Download this explanation in PDF here.
Read about how to make the past continuous here.

Past Continuous Infographic 1: An action in the past which overlaps another action or a time. The action in the past continuous starts before and often continues after the other shorter action or time. 2: In the same way, we can use the present continuous for the background of a story. (We often use the past simple for the actions.) This is really a specific example of Use 1. 3: Temporary habits or habits that happen more often than we expect in the past. We often use 'always', 'constantly' or 'forever' here. This is the same as the way we use the present continuous for habits, but the habit started and finished in the past. This thing doesn't happen now. 4: To emphasise that something lasted for a while. This use is often optional and we usually use it with time expressions like 'all day' or 'all evening' or 'for hours'. Remember you can't use this tense or any continuous tense with stative verbs.

Try some exercises about the past continuous here.

If you want to learn more about the tenses, especially about how to use them when you're speaking, you could try my video course, Terrific Tenses, which is part of Perfect English Grammar Plus.
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